Monday, 29 October 2012

A Five Minute Rant for the Consortium of European Research Libraries



I have been asked to participate in a panel at the annual CERL conference - and to speak for no more than five minutes or so.  Initially, I was just going to wing it, but then, in writing up a couple notes, five minutes worth of text found its way on to the screen.  In the spirit of never wasting a grammatical sentence, the text is below.  I probably wont follow it at the conference, but it reflects what I wanted to say.
CERL - British Library, 31 October 2012:
We all know just how transformative the digitisation of the inherited print archive has been.  Between Google Books, ECCO, EEBO, Project Gutenberg, the Burney Collection, the British Library's 19th century newspapers, the Parliamentary Papers, the Old Bailey Online, and on and on, something new has been created.  And it is a testament to twenty years of seriously hard graft.  But, it is one of the great ironies of the minute that the most revolutionary technical change in the history of the human ordering of information since writing - the creation of the infinite archive, with all its disruptive possibilities - has resulted in a markedly conservative and indeed reactionary model of human culture.

For both technical and legal reasons, in the rush to the on line, we have given to the oldest of Western canons a new hyper-availability, and a new authority.  With the exception of the genealogical sites, which themselves reflect the Western bias of their source materials and audience, the most common sort of historical web resource is dedicated to posting the musings of some elite, dead, white, western male - some scientist, or man of letters; or more unusually, some equally elite, dead white woman of letters.  And for legal reasons as much as anything else, it is now much easier to consult the oldest forms of humanities scholarship instead of the more recent and fully engaged varieties.  It is easier to access work from the 1890s, imbued with all the contemporary relevance of the long dead, than it is to use that of the 1990s.  

Without serious intent and political will - a determination to digitise the more difficult forms of the non-canonical, the non-Western, the non-elite and the quotidian - the materials that capture the lives and thoughts of the least powerful in society - we will have inadvertently turned a major area of scholarship, in to a fossilised irrelevance.

And this is all the more important because just at the same moment that we have allowed our cultural inheritance to be sieved and posted in a narrowly canonical form; the siren voices of the information scientists: the Googlers, coders and Culturomics wranglers, have discovered in that body of digitised material, a new object of study.  All digital texts is now data, that date is now available for new forms of analysis, and that data is made up of the stuff we chose to digitise.   All of which embeds a subtle biase towards a particular subset of the human experience.  Using measures derived from Ngrams, and topic modelling, natural language processing, and TF-IDF similarity measures; scientists are beginning to use this text/data as the basis for a new search for mathematically identifiable patterns.  And in the process, the information scientists are beginning to carve out what is being presented as 'natural' patterns of change, that turn the products of human culture into a simple facet of a natural, and scientifically intelligible world.  The only problem with this is that the analysts undertaking this work are not overly worried by the nature of the data they are using.  For most, the sheer volume of text makes its selective character irrelevant.

But if we are not careful, we will see the creation of a new 'naturalisation' of human thought based on the narrowest sample of the oldest of dead white males.  And to this particular audience I just want to suggest that we need to be much more critical about what it is that we digitise; what we allow to represent the cultures libraries and collections stand in for; and that we need to engage more comprehensively and intelligently with the simple fact that we are in the middle of a selective recreation of inherited culture.


50 comments:

Yvonne said...

There is already bias in our physical archives due to past collection decisions. This is further skewed when digitisation programs target those items that are popular or well-known.

In a nutshell: Digitisation should not amplify existing archival bias.

Blogger said...

Did you know you can create short links with AdFly and get $$$ for every visitor to your short urls.

Jonaliya Jonaliya said...

Climadex :- I feel I need to discover amateurs who have same interest in that goal. My stratagem can produce back end profits.
This is how to learn where somebody is working on that. Let's do it by the truck load. That has decreased in recent days. This should be an unlimited version but also I understand that a time consuming process, but this is how using that is done properly. Your detail rapidly became popular in Europe.
Read More==>> http://advancemenpower.com/climadex/
https://www.powershow.com/view/8aa0d2-ODNlN/http_advancemenpower_com_climadex_1_powerpoint_ppt_presentation?skipadult=1

Veronica Segura said...

I blog often and I truly appreciate your information. This great article has really peaked my interest. I am remarkably energetic to investigate this article... Appreciative for giving us experience info. We stumbled over here different page and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to looking into your web page again. I'm going to book mark your website and keep checking for your blog. Get redirected to my site Write my Essay

Postdrox said...


Beligra Male Enhancement - In the present current period, the females, as well as influenced by maturing issues.The male's body begins encountering a great deal of changes when the maturing procedure starts.This change incorporates a few changes in men's sexual execution.Men turn out to be explicitly powerless and inert and additionally their ability to keep going for longer in addition to accomplish harder erection denies continuously.In this way, to manage these issues in men, the Beligra Male Enhancement supplement has been planned.This enhancement has the normal and natural male upgrade recipe which invigorates the general continuance of guys and sexual execution.
https://vimeo.com/303440920
https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x6y1g7f
http://newfitnesssupplements.com/beligra-male-enhancement/

Gibson Bernice said...

Testo Edge Ex :- Be that as it may, we can't discover the names of its fixings anyplace on the web, as it is a selective web supplement. The greater parts of the fixings are not open before the media and the clients on the grounds that the maker did not wish to get into trick related concerns. This is the motivation behind why they have not uncovered the fixings to people in general. It doesn't imply that they are not sheltered, else unfortunate and shaky. Obviously, they are totally free of fillers or added substances. It doesn't give you any symptoms on your body. It is a flawless supplement for the long run.
Read more==>> http://newmusclesupplements.com/testo-edge-ex/

Gibson Bernice said...

Testo Boost X :- Along these lines, in the event that you truly need to uplift your vitality level with a view to perform longer at the exercise center to accomplish your lifting weights objective, and afterward you have to incorporate Testo Boost X, a muscle building dietary supplement in your day by day schedule. It is a fresh out of the plastic new muscle building supplement that guarantees to help you build up a body like your most loved stars by augmenting your workout continuance and decreasing recuperating time.
Read more==>> http://newmusclesupplements.com/testo-boost-x/

Entertaining Game Channel said...

This is Very very nice article. Everyone should read. Thanks for sharing. Don't miss WORLD'S BEST TrainDrivingSimulatorFreeGames

Lucky Patcher said...

whatsapp groups link

luckys said...

gomovies

Raj Maan said...

lifestyle whatsapp groups

Raj Maan said...

lifestyle whatsapp groups

luckys said...

gta 5 app

Anbarasan14 said...

Thanks for your contribution in sharing such a useful information. Waiting for your further updates.
English Speaking Classes in Mulund West
IELTS Classes in Mulund
German Classes in Mulund
French Classes in Mulund
Best Spoken English Classes in Chennai
IELTS Coaching Centre in Chennai
English Speaking Course in Mumbai
IELTS Coaching in Mumbai
Spoken English Class in T Nagar
IELTS Coaching in Anna Nagar

nnn said...

Nice article
Vidmate YouTube videos downloader

Admin said...

https://gizmoxo.com/facebook-stylish-names-list/
https://gizmoxo.com/netflix-cookies/
https://gizmoxo.com/free-netflix-account/
https://gizmoxo.com/netflix-mod-apk-premium/
https://gizmoxo.com/download-kingoroot-apk/

Admin said...

dtc bus app
dtc bus
dtc bus app download
dtc bus pass
dtc bus route
dtc bus route app
dtc bus app download

Admin said...

Download Crunchyroll mod APK

Admin said...

funny WiFi names
cool WiFi names
claver WiFi names
cool and claver WiFi names
funny WiFi names list
Good wifi names
wifi names 2020
Disney wifi names
wifi name for gamers
bollywood movies funny WiFi names

Ivymelda said...

Our Personal Statement Writing Services are the most popular with students. We sell already written essay, custom-made essay, Religious Paper Writing Services or pre-written essay to those students with urgent assignment needs.

Abhishek rajpoot said...

WhatsApp Status Video Download :WhatsApp introduced the status feature in 2015, in which we can share images, videos, and gifs as our story for 24 hours. Before this feature, WhatsApp had only text status option in which we can write our bio, but the new status feature is different. The story or status disappears after 24 hours and can’t be archived as still in WhatsApp.

Boy attitude status video download for whatsApp
Boy attitude status video download
Boy attitude status video download

Most romantic status video download for whatsApp
Sad video status download
Most Romantic status video download

video status download for whatsApp


we have latest & best collection of video status download for whatsapp

Abhishek rajpoot said...

WhatsApp Status Video Download :WhatsApp introduced the status feature in 2015, in which we can share images, videos, and gifs as our story for 24 hours. Before this feature, WhatsApp had only text status option in which we can write our bio, but the new status feature is different. The story or status disappears after 24 hours and can’t be archived as still in WhatsApp.

Boy attitude status video download for whatsApp
Boy attitude status video download
Boy attitude status video download

Most romantic status video download for whatsApp
Most Romantic status video download
Most Romantic status video download

video status download for whatsApp


we have latest & best collection of video status download for whatsapp

Admin said...

tamilrockers

www.webdreams.in said...

Your articles are really great. I'm curiously waiting for new ones. I wish you could write more.
dandeli resort
resort near dandeli
resort in dandeli
dandeli homestay
dandeli resort package
best resort near dandeli

www.webdreams.in said...

Thank you for your article. I have read through some similar topics! However, your article gave me a very special impression, unlike other articles. I hope you continue to have valuable articles like this or more to share with everyone!

hotels in dandeli
homestay near dandeli
Dandeli Holiday Package
dandeli homestay
Dandeli Top Resorts
Dandeli White water Rafting

khushboo said...

The registrations and auditions for the Bigg Boss 13 are going to start soon. The official list of contestants is not yet announced by the officials. That will be announced by the makers on the inaugural day which is 15 the of September. bigg boss 13 contestants name list with photo Though a few rumored names are coming up as the expected celebrity contestants of the year. They are Nia Sharma, Raghav Juyal, Punit Pathak, Divyanka Tripathi, Garima Chaurasia, Ridhima Pandit, Aditya Narayan, Jasmin Bhasin, Zain Imam, Bhuvan Bam, Chetna Pande, Krystle D’Souza, and Devoleena Bhattacharjee. This year too, the show will be back with a new theme and the star host, Salman Khan. Though the theme is not declared yet officially. Stay tuned with us to know more about the show Bigg Boss 13.

Sandhu said...

Minecraft x-ray resource pack
Satta king 786
dhankesari
Filmyhit
Xray texture pack
xray ultimate texture packs
optifine hd mod
Naukar Vahuti Full movie download
Mission Mangal Full movie download

Sandhu said...

Filmyhit
teri meri jodi full movie download Filmyhit
section 375 full movie download Filmyhit
fauji di family full movie download
family 420 full movie download
Vipp2541
Filmyhit Download Hollywood Bollywood movies
Sanju Full Movie Download Filmyhit
Whatsapp Group Links
Whatsapp Group Links

Admin said...

WhatsApp group links

MIUI theme

BB Arora said...

very nice article you can watch here saaho movie

Admin said...

Dr Driving is one of the my favourite game ever and today I am going to share Dr Driving Mod Apk
https://www.drdrivingmodapk.xyz/

William Wiktor said...

modern Christmas tree It is possible to find an aluminum tree for almost any decorating scheme and to fit in almost any sized space.

Wiktor Wilkins said...

Keto burning reviews I've found that I can't get below 9-10% body fat on diet alone (you can only reduce your calories so much, or you begin to eat up muscle)-I have to add in cardio if I want to continue losing. When I bulk, I usually end off around 14-15% body fat

Chris Jordan said...

Best GPS Pet Trackers Application in cars, the GPS tracker technology has found a lot of use in so many things that need to be tracked. The primary application is in vehicles. With the GPS tracking device installed in the car, the owner is certain that he won't get lost even in places unknown to him.

Wiktor Wilkins said...

Velocity Trim Keto
Keeping track of your progress, including any slow or stalled loss periods, will let you see what helps you to succeed, loses weight at a different rate, due to metabolism, muscle tone and body type differences.

keven peterson said...

Instant Keto Watch those portions - especially when you are eating out. Eat half the meal and take the rest home in a take out box. At home, use smaller plates - a great way to make sure you don't serve too much, but your plate will still look nice and full.



https://anchor.fm/gwenpierce
https://healthsupreviews.lighthouseapp.com/projects/139606-all-supplements-reviews-must-read/tickets/5352-instant-keto-is-a-natural-diet
http://www.cappyzeb.freeyellow.com/01/gen/gen/index.php/forum/suggestion-box/153638-instant-keto-is-a-powerfull-diet#153781
https://theprose.com/post/312500/instant-keto-is-a-powerfull-diet
https://web.facebook.com/pg/instantketoreviews1

keven peterson said...

Keto Pro Avis . In this case, there is always a person who can monitor you wherever environment you are.

Chris Jordan said...

Best Dog Gates Holmes Lake Dog Run. In this place, dogs can take advantage of their huge dog run area. Aside from that, there is also a creek and an open field for them to play on. The place is really large.

Wiktor Wilkins said...

activate keto Any changes that you do make will be most effective if introduced gradually. This will mean that you are more likely to stick to them, meaning you can introduce more without feeling under too much pressure.

Donald Trump said...

PWX Male Enhancement . Men can have different choices of treatments but it is important to have knowledge on safety of male enhancements.

Donald Trump said...

Verocity Male Enhancement Cold hard male enhancement facts are necessary to guide you on selecting the best treatment as well as deciding if you really need one.

keven peterson said...

KSX Male Enhancement Since they also do not have any prescription requirements, the question on side effects may not also be satisfactorily addressed in the views of certain individuals.

keven peterson said...

CBD Miracle Pain Patch , morphine and heroin; as such patients put on these medicines should be carefully monitored to check for early signs of addiction and drug seeking.

Donald Trump said...

Alpha Femme Keto Genix The animals' brains had associated the sound of the bell with food. Their bodies automatically responded to the bell by producing saliva in their mouths.

keven peterson said...

Keto Slim RX Weight loss isn't their true desire, it simply provides them with the things they are really wanting. In fact, I will go as far to say that most people really want to eat whatever they want to eat,

keven peterson said...

Renegade Keto In order to weigh less, we must eat less. In order to eat less, we must reprogram our subconscious mind, and use our subconscious power to believe, feel, and think, like a thin, lean person. If we can do this, our eating habits will change, and we will achieve rapid weight loss, natural weight loss, and healthy weight loss, permanently.

Donald Trump said...

Slimgen Keto ou to overcompensate later in the day and snack more. Increasing activity levels can be done easily for example trying to do 20 minutes of walking a day, such as walking short journeys than using the car. By finding something that you enjoy you are more likely to stick to it.

Donald Trump said...

DX Keto Exercise. Exercise is a cliche in the fitness industry. No matter how cliched the word is but this still remains one of the genuine factors for weight loss. Recent studies have shown that it is advisable to exercise 30 minutes for 5 days in a week. Alternatively

keven peterson said...

Anatomy Keto your activity levels. And when you reach your goals celebrate by treating yourself to something such as a night out or a new outfit to make your weight loss even sweeter.

Vialis Male Enhancement said...

Vialis Male Enhancement On the off chance that she doesn't, she is one of the fortunate ones. A great many men have this issue, yet the vast majority of them are too embarrassed to even think about accepting it. Just by understanding this, you are one bit nearer to a superior Vialis Male Enhancement coexistence.
https://www.fitdiettrends.com/vialis-male-enhancement/